Vitiligo is caused by the lack of a pigment called melanin in the skin. Melanin is produced by skin cells called melanocytes, and it gives your skin its color. In vitiligo, there are not enough working melanocytes to produce enough melanin in your skin. Vitiligo is a chronic (long-lasting) autoimmune disorder that causes patches of skin to lose pigment or color. This happens when melanocytes – skin cells that make pigment – are attacked and destroyed, causing the skin to turn a milky-white color.
People can develop vitiligo at any age. The first signs of vitiligo are white patches on the skin, which can develop anywhere on the body, including on the face, arms, hands, genitals, and buttocks.
There is no cure for vitiligo. Medical treatment aims to create a uniform skin tone by either restoring color (repigmentation) or eliminating the remaining color (depigmentation). Common treatments include camouflage therapy, repigmentation therapy, light therapy, and surgery.
To stay hydrated, getting a humidifier is the best thing you can do to keep your skin hydrated during the cold weather. Humidifiers add moisture back to dry air, which consequently provides more moisture to your skin. Adding hydrating products to your routine may suffice if you live in a warmer climate. Choose products that contain hyaluronic acid, which is one of the best hydrating ingredients out there. And of course, increasing your water intake is never a bad idea.
The main symptom of vitiligo is loss of natural color or pigment, called depigmentation. The depigmented patches can appear anywhere on your body and can affect:
- Skin, which develops milky-white patches, often on the hands, feet, arms, and face. However, the patches can appear anywhere.
- Hair can turn white in areas where the skin is losing pigment. This can happen on the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, and body hair.
- Mucous membranes, such as the inside of your mouth or nose.
Supplementing patients with high-dose vitamin C significantly improved the treatment effect of short-term UVB irradiation treatment in patients with vitiligo, especially in the UVB-irradiated skin area.Vitamin C is a naturally occurring substance and an essential nutrient. It inhibits melanin synthesis through downregulation of tyrosinase enzyme activity.
If you have vitiligo, the following self-care tactics may help you care for your skin and improve its appearance:
- Protect your skin from the sun and artificial sources of UV light. Use a broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30. ...
- Conceal affected skin. ...
- Don't get a tattoo.
The spread of vitiligo stopped in 64% of the patients after treatment. Folic acid and vitamin B12 supplementation combined with sun exposure can induce repigmentation better than either the vitamins or sun exposure alone. Treatment should continue as long as the white areas continue to repigment.